美国大学申请过程的时间安排 Timeline for the College Application Process

发布:道尔顿学院 2015年08月19日 点击:

美国大学申请过程的时间安排 Timeline for the College Application Process


注:以下英文版时间安排为顺序,中文版时间安排为倒序,供大家选择阅读。

The college application process is just that, a process. For a student to go through this process well and to obtain the greatest benefit from it, the process must begin in the Senior 1 year. (Students in the United States will often have started this well before high school.) This timeline will be updated from time to time.

The following timeline is in chronological order. It begins with the Senior 1 year and works forward to the Senior 3 year. All students and their families should go through this carefully from beginning to end, to ensure they have completed each step. Senior 3 students for the Class of 2016 should focus on the section on the Senior 3 year.

Technology Note: Due to the demands placed on the internet and servers the day applications are due, we strongly suggest that students submit their applications before the due date. Deadlines missed due to technological problems are deadlines missed. Colleges and universities have no obligation to extend deadlines.

Note on Standardized Tests: We recommend that a student have an official (not a practice) SAT/ACT score no later than the winter of the Senior 2 year. This score will guide the student in his or her scheduling of future tests. An SAT score of 2000 or above provides greater options, as does an ACT score above 26. Of course, the higher score the better. We strongly suggest that a student NOT take a standardized test more than 3 times, with the exception of the TOEFL exam. The TOEFL score ideally should be above 100, with each section above 23.

Note on Early Action and Early Decision. For Early Action or Early Decision (ED) applications, a student must take the SAT/ACT no later than October of his or her Senior 3 year. For Regular Decision (RD) applications, the deadline is the December before the applications are due. In any case, it is the responsibility of the student to know the testing deadlines for all the schools to which he or she is applying. This is found on the individual schools’ admission office websites.

Note on Email. Students in all years should be in the habit of checking their school email accounts daily.

Senior 1 Students

Develop and practice strong study and classroom habits, which include consistent speaking and interacting with others in the classroom, as well as asking questions, all in English. Develop English skills as quickly and intensively as possible. Do a lot of outside reading in English. This does not have to be academic reading, but reading that increases vocabulary and overall understanding of and familiarity with the English language. Begin to ask yourself self-assessment questions: What sort of person am I? What do I think is important? What are my strengths and weaknesses? What motivates me? What are my values? What am I interested in and why? How do I think? Keep a journal on Naviance of your thoughts. Students should ask themselves their own questions. Some of this will be done through the Naviance Curriculum and Personal Development Plan advisory program. Naviance, under Family Connection provides several self-assessments under the “About Me” link.

Begin to attend meetings with college representatives.

Note: Senior 1 students are not advised to work on standardized test preparation.

Senior 2 Students

Summer before Senior 2 Year:

Academic programs, internships, community service, independent/guided research. Begin studying for standardized tests.

Fall of Senior 2 Year:

Begin regular and intensive standardized-test preparation: SAT, ACT and TOEFL.

Have an official score for your standardized tests before the Spring Festival. While students may take exam-prep courses offered by private companies, PKUS has invested in the PrepMe function on Naviance. This online service, available to all students for free who have a Naviance account, is designed let a student know his or her exam strengths and weaknesses, and to provide a custom study plan based on diagnostic tests.

Continue to ask self-assessment questions throughout this year, but more intensively and in greater depth. What sort of person am I? What do I think is important? What motivates me? What are my values? How do I think? What am I interested in and why? What are my strengths and weaknesses? Continue to add these to your Naviance journal pages. Students should ask and answer their own questions too.

Be sure to begin attending meetings with college admissions representatives.

January – Spring of Senior 2 Year:

Standardized tests, if necessary or advised.

Ask teachers whether they can and will write letters of recommendation for you.

Learn how to research colleges and universities.

Correspond with students you know who are already studying abroad and find out from them their impressions and advice.
Begin to do in-depth college research. Students should be able to present a near-final list of schools to counselors before the end of the Senior 2 academic year. Get on the mailing lists from any schools you may be interested in. Demonstrating early interest in a school is a good thing to do.

Senior 3 Students

Summer before Senior 3 Year:

Summer before Senior 3 year to Early October of Senior 3 Year. Begin to collect, organize and write any essays for individual colleges and universities.

Be sure that your Naviance pages have the following information: a portrait photo less than 500kb in size; Parent Information, including current email and complete home/postal address and phone number; a resume for activities beginning your Junior 3 year.

Continue to research colleges and universities. Research programs, faculty (what they teach, research interests, courses taught), student research opportunities, internship opportunities, graduate-school placement and so forth. It is very important to read student blogs on admissions websites. This way you get to know the personality or character of a school and its students. You learn what kind of student goes to a school and how he or she got there. Having this information can help you decide whether a school may be a good “fit.”

The Common Application becomes “Live” in early August. If a student chooses to register at that time, he or she must use the school email address. Once you create an account, stop. You may find the Common Application essay prompts under the “Writing” link on the main menu.

SAT, SAT II, TOEFL, ACT are available if necessary.

Make good use of your summer: Academic programs, internships, community service, independent/guided research.

Fall – December of Senior 3 Year:

Early September of Senior 3 Year. Be sure to give your college recommendations to the College Counseling Office. On the Common Application you will want to rank your recommendation letters: first, second, third. If you can only send one, which one? If only two, which two? Register for the Common Application. Present to your counselor a well researched list of colleges and universities for discussion. Correspond with students already studying abroad and find out from them their impressions and advice. By this time you should already have completed a draft of your Common Application essay if the topics are available.

October of Senior 3 Year. SAT, SAT II, TOEFL (Check College Board and ETS calendars for dates.) While students may take exam-prep courses offered by private companies, PKUS has invested in the PrepMe function on Naviance. This online service, available to all students for free who have a Naviance account, is designed let a student know his or her exam strengths and weaknesses, and to provide a custom study plan based on diagnostic tests. AP exams are optional. Students are admitted to top colleges and universities without having taken any AP exams. If a student is motivated to take one or more AP exam, this is good, but the AP exam should not be a top priority. Some schools have October ED/EA/Priority deadlines. Submit final ED/EA list of schools to college counselor. Finalize all ED/EA application essays for the Common Application and individual schools. Any essays for these schools should be near completion.

November 1 of Senior 3 Year. ED/EA (Early Decision/Early Action) applications are due.

December of Senior 3 Year. Last month to take SAT/ACT for RD deadlines.

January – Late Spring of Senior 3 Year:

RD (Regular Decision) applications are due. Keep in mind if this overlaps with the Spring Festival, the school is closed. There will be no one available to help with last-minute details.

Students must ensure that the requirements for any and all conditional acceptances are fulfilled, often these may be language / TOEFL requirements.

Students and their families must ensure that financial matters are under control and that the process to apply for a student visa has started soon after they receive their I-20.

Upon being accepted into schools, students should stay in steady contact with admissions offices and, when necessary, financial aid offices to get answers to any ongoing questions or concerns they may have.

Students must replace their school address on their Naviance account with a personal or college/university account.


大学申请就是一个过程。对同学们来说,如果想顺利完成这一事情,并且在其中获得最大的收益,那么这个过程必须从高一就开始。(美国的同龄人们往往在升入高中之前,就已经开始准备了。)这个时间框架将会不断的更新。

下面的时间框架是按时间倒序的。从高三开始,倒序至高一。请全体同学和家长仔细阅读全文,以确保完成了其中的每一个步骤。2015届同学,也就是现在的高三在读,请着重阅读高三的部分。

为了能让同学和家长不仅了解有关程序,还能够有充分的时间完成每个步骤涉及的相关任务,并且根据自身特点,创建和执行各自的时间表,我们设计了这个倒序的时间框架。譬如说,有一些同学准备申请大学的数量远远多于别人的。当然,对这些同学而言,就需要投入更多时间来研究学校,撰写申请文书,等等。

技术方面的注意事项:因为在截止日,互联网和服务器上面大量的需求负荷,我们强烈建议同学们在申请截止日期之前,递交申请。由于技术故障导致的过期申请,也是过期。大学校方没有义务去延长申请的期限。

标准化考试的注意事项:我们建议同学们在高二年级冬天之前,取得一个SAT/ACT的官方成绩。这一成绩将有助于制定未来的考试计划。SAT 2000分以上,或者ACT26分以上的成绩会给学生们带来更大的选择空间。当然,分数越高越好。除TOEFL考试之外,我们不建议学生参加考试的次数超过3次。TOEFL考试的理想成绩是在100分以上,并且各部分的分数均高于23分。

早行动(EA)和早决定(ED)的注意事项:如果准备参加EA或者ED的申请,同学们务必最晚在高三的10月参加毕SAT/ACT考试。如果准备参加常规申请(RD),申请的截止日期在12月份。无论如何,学生有责任知道他们准备申请的学校对于提交成绩所要求的截止时间。这个信息在学校的官方网站都能够找到。

电子邮件的注意事项:各个年级的同学都应该养成每天查自己的学校邮箱的好习惯。

高三学生

1 高三的晚春

学生必须确保完成了所有申请的相关要求,通常情况下是TOEFL 的要求。

学生和家长必须确保财务事项顺利准备。一旦拿到了I-20表格就可以开始申请学生签证。

拿到大学录取通知书以后,学生仍应该与大学招生办(如果有需要可以与助学办公室)保持联系,以便回答他们随后可能发现的问题。

Naviance账户上,学生应该变更地址,改成他们的私人地址或是大学/学院的地址。

高三的1月份 常规申请的截止时间到了。请记住:如果春节在1月份,学校会放寒假,这样就没有老师能够给你提供最后的帮助了。

秋季至12月底

高三的12 这是作为常规申请,学生参加SAT/ACT考试的最后时间。

高三的111 早申请(EA/ED)的截止时间。

高三的10月上旬至中旬 完成所有早申请(EA/ED)的申请文书终稿,包括Common Appilcation 上的,以及学校分别要求的。

高三的10月初 有些学校早申/优先申请的截止期限在10月份

高三的10月初至中旬 向你的大学申请辅导员提交EA/ED的学校名单,这些大学要求的申请文书也要基本上完成了。

高三的10月份 SATSATIITOEFL(查询College Board ETS的考试日历)。学生可能会参加一些私营公司提供的考试准备课程,北大附中已经在Naviance上面投资了PrepMe功能。学生只要有Naviance账户,就可以使用这项在线服务功能了。通过PrepMe,学生可以了解自己在这些考试方面的强项和弱项,在诊断测试的基础上制定有针对性地学习方案。AP 考试是可选项目。没有参加过任何AP考试的学生也会被顶尖的文理学院和大学录取。如果学生想参加一门或者两门AP考试,那很好。但是,不应该把AP考试当成一个最重要的因素。

高三的9月初 确认把你申请大学的推荐信交给附中的大学申请办公室。在Common Application 上,把几封推荐信排好序:第一封,第二封,第三封。如果只能递交一封,是那一封?如果是两封的话,是哪两封?

高三的9月初 Common Application 完成注册。向你的升学辅导员提交一个经过认真考虑的大学名单,进行讨论。联络那些已经在国外上学的同学,听取他们对学校的印象和建议。到此时为止,如果Common Application 已经公布了文书题目,你应该已完成了Common Application文书的初稿。

高三前的暑假

高三前的暑假 高三的10月初 开始收集素材,构思并且撰写不同大学要求的申请文书。

确保你的Naviance主页包含以下信息:本人照片,文件小于 500kb;父母信息,包括电子邮件地址,完整的家庭邮寄地址,电话;一份简历,包含从初三开始的各种活动。

继续研究大学。大学的研究项目、教授(他们所授课、研究兴趣、教过的课程)、学生研究的机会、实习机会、升入研究生院大学的情况等等。阅读招生网页上的学生博客,也很重要。你可以通过博客了解学校,以及在校学生的个性特点。你会发现大学里有什么样的学生,他们是如何进入这些大学的。掌握这些信息,能够帮助来你确定这个学校是否适合自己。

8月初,Common Application 就可以使用了。如果你在此时注册,务必使用学校的邮箱。一旦你创建了一个账户,停下来。你会发现Common Application 文书要求在主菜单的写作链接下面。

如有需要,参加SATSATII TOEFLACT 考试。

充分利用好你的暑假:学术项目,实习,社区服务,进行独立或者有一定指导的研究等等。

高二学生

1月至高二的春季

假如有需要或者被老师建议的话,就参加标准化考试。

问老师是否同意并会为你写推荐信。

学习如何研究学院和大学

联络那些已经在国外上学的同学,听取他们对学校的印象和建议。

开始进行深入的大学研究。在高二学年结束之前,学生应该能够向自己的升学顾问提交一份接近终稿的大学名单。将自己加入你所感兴趣的这些大学的电邮名单。对学校证明你很早就对他们有兴趣是一件很不错的事情。

高二的秋季

开始常规并集中性的标准化考试的准备:SATSATIIACT TOEFL

在春节前,取得一个正式的标准化考试成绩。学生可能会参加一些培训机构提供的考试课程,北大附中已经在Naviance上面覆盖了PrepMe功能。学生只要有了Naviance账户,就可以使用这个在线服务功能。通过PrepMe,学生可以了解自己在这些考试方面的强项和弱项,在诊断测试的基础上制定有更加针对性地学习方案。

在这一年里,继续进行自我评估,评估的问题应该更加集中,更有深度。我到底是怎样的一个人?我认为什么是重要的?什么东西激励我?我的价值观是什么?我是如何思考的?我对什么事情感兴趣?为什么?我有哪些强项和弱项?继续把这些内容加到你的Naviance 页面。学生还应该提问并回答他们自己想到的问题。

确保已经开始参加与大学招生代表的见会面。

高二前的暑假

学术项目,实习,社区服务,进行独立或者有指导的研究。开始学习准备标准化考试。

高一学生

培养和锻炼学习和上课习惯,包括在课堂上多发言,与他人互动,以及提问题的能力。阅读大量的英语课外读物,不一定是学术阅读,而是那些能够提高英语词汇量,增强对英语语言的理解的阅读。

开始问自己一些自我评估的问题:我是怎样的一个人?我认为什么是重要的?我有哪些强项和弱项?什么东西激励我?我认为什么是有价值的?我对什么事情感兴趣?为什么?我是如何思考的?把你的想法记录在Naviance上面。学生还应该问一些自己想的问题。通过Naviance的课程及个人发展计划的建议项目,能够完成一部分内容。在家庭联系项(Family Connection)下,Naviance 通过关于我(About Me的链接,提供几种自我评估。

开始参加与大学招生代表的见面会。

注意:高一的学生应该强调课程、课外活动,不要开始考试的准备。